Traumatic Brain Injuries: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The human brain is one of the most important organs in the human body because everything in our body is controlled by it. Thus, any harm to the brain that causes a change in the way it functions will affect the way the whole body works.

Anything that causes a sudden jolt or a violent blow to the head, such as a car crash, an explosion, or a sports-related accident, can make the brain collide with the internal wall of the skull. This, in turn, can result to torn nerve fibers, bruising of the brain and/or bleeding which can result to intracranial injury, more commonly known as traumatic brain injury (TBI). Besides the accidents mentioned above, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also lists the following as possible causes of TBI:

  • Falls, which are common among children adults above 75 years old;
  • Non-motorized pedal cycles or accidents involving bicycles;
  • Violence, being shot or stabbed on the head; and,
  • Smashed piece of skull penetrating the tissues in the brain.

The severity of a traumatic brain injury depends on which part of the brain has been affected and the extent of the damage – whether the injured area is widespread or affects only a specific part. For purposes of classification, severity is identified as mild, moderate or severe.

Mild TBI patients usually experience temporary headaches and confusion, but a severe case can lead to amnesia, coma, unconsciousness, disability, or even death. In treating a TBI patient, various methods are introduced. One series of continuous treatment includes:

  • Initial treatment that is intended to stabilize the individual right after a TBI-causing accident occurs;
  • Rehabilitative care center treatment, which is aimed at restoring the patient to daily life;
  • Acute treatment for the purpose of minimizing secondary injury and life support; and,
  • Surgical treatment, but if only necessary, to prevent secondary injury. This is done to ensure the continuous flow of oxygen and blood to the brain.

The law firm Evans Moore explains that a traumatic brain or head injury is perhaps the most problematic injury that one can sustain. This is because a brain and head injury can cause life-altering and permanent disabilities or side effects. Over 1.7 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury every year, hospitalizing 275,000 and killing 52,000 people. These individuals may suffer cognitive, emotional, and other difficulties that require ongoing care and treatment, at great expense.

If someone else was at fault for the traumatic brain or head injury that one has sustained, he/she may be eligible to receive financial compensation that should cover medical bills, lost wages, and other damages that are related to his/her injuries.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *